Vegetables that grow more frequent in transplants are: tomatoes, eggplants and peppers, which have higher requirements in regards of heat and requires a longer period of vegetation until it is harvested. Through seedling are grown also less demanding plants , such as: cabbage, cauliflower, kohlrabi, to obtain early productions. May also be grown leeks, water onion, celery, cucumber, and squash, all the same purpose.
Making seedbeds implies to have the following materials: fresh unfermented manure, land for shelter (the “celery”), wooden heels, glazing, matting. Manure is used for heating (constituting a warm shelter).
The best is fresh horse manure, it is quickly entering into fermentation and provides the greatest heat. It can be used fresh cattle manure, were shown to interfere with horse manure.
The advantages of using manure are numerous, including: low cost, requires no special installations and after it was used can be employed to produce additional fertilizer.
Sowing can be done to shelter in rows or as uniform spreading. Over the seeds you can sprinkle a layer of 1-2 cm thick of manure. You can easy puddle the earth and moisturize it with a watering can with a fine sieve with warm water. Seedlings can be planted in boxes, in pots or plastic cups, failing wooden heels. The bottom of the boxes have to have some little holes that permit water excess to flow.
You can set a layer of sand of 1 cm thick, then put the mixture of land. Sowing is done in rows at 4-5 cm distance. The boxes can be kept in a heated room and sit near the window after sunrise, to have light. When seedlings have reached the optimum period, are planted in the garden. Pricking to vegetables in pots is applied to the plants that supports hard transplanting in the garden ( cucumbers, zucchini), so that they can be planted in the garden with the soil, without their roots being affected.
Care of the seedlings until they rise, is made in a shelter covered with glass and matting. Once the plants begin to appear, remove mats for light penetration. Shelter will take air over the day, even when is cooler, suddenly raising the glass and leaving it in place immediately. And during the heats, will have to be airing more often.
If the soil tends to dry the seedbed is slightly wet with warm water. There should be neither too much moisture because plants grow too much, they get sick and fall. If this happens, it is the better to ventilate the seedbed and to rip the sick plants.
Hardening seedlings is done in order that they get used to the harshest weather conditions when planting them in the field. For this, with 10-15 days before planting you have to raise the windows, at first only during the day, and then over night. You don’t have to water the plants too much . Planting the seedlings will be considering through the specific periods of each vegetable, considering the characteristics of that crop.